Quoc Hoc High School Hue (Truong Quoc Hoc Hue)
In comparison with other developing countries, people of Vietnam enjoy a comparatively high standard of education. In 1945 and 1950 the education reforms of Vietnam constituted a fundamental system of national education comprising pre-school programmes, primary and High schools, popular education for adults and a network of colleges and universities and between 1945 and 1975, related reforms were taken place by the Sai Gon regime. Primary and secondary education is provided by the government through 13,355 primary and 1,157 High schools and is free to all. High School education starts at the age of 11 (grade 6) and goes on to the age of 17 (grade 12) and all children are encouraged to complete secondary school. High school has three grades and students must clear an entrance exam to enter high school. A number of High Schools require two entrance exams, as others require only one. A number of the top high schools, such as the famous Quoc Hoc High School, Hue or in Vietnamese name: Truong Quoc Hoc Hue (where Ho Chi Minh and Pham Dinh Phung studied) require one entrance exam.
On 17th September 1896 (the 8th year of Thanh Thai reign), Quoc Hoc High school, Hue or Truong Quoc Hoc Hue was established in conformation to the royal verdict and the verdict of the French Resident-Superior in Indochina on 18th November 1896. The school was constructed on the place of a previous squadron headquarter - a royal navy headquarters (1806 or the 5th year of Gia Long's reign).
Quoc Hoc High school, Hue – Truong Quoc Hoc Hue was established to coach the students, who would serve the feudal colonial government, and the study curriculum then was harmonized with the purpose, French was the main subject. The acceptable students by Quoc Hoc High school are:
- The sons of the relatives of the King.
- The sons of royal families.
- The sons of mandarins.
- The students of Thanh Nhon school and Quoc Tu Giam school.
In 1915, Quoc Hoc High School, Hue – Truong Quoc Hoc Hue was reconstructed. The rows of thatch roofed apartments were torn down and restored by two rows of buildings, the walls made of brick, and the roof covered with tiles. According to the western European architecture, the construction was solid, and comfortable. Most of the architectures in the school are still exist.
In 1932, the Quoc Hoc High school, Hue – Truong Quoc Hoc Hue opened many specialized classes and became known as Khai Dinh Lycee. On 19th December 1946, during the confrontation against French Colonialists, the school was moved into two places:
One branch called "Binh Tri Thien School" was located in Huong Khe, Ha Tinh province and the other branch called "Huynh Thuc Khang School", was located in Duc Tho, Ha Tinh Province. The branch came back to Hue after ten years of disruption, and was conquered by French Colonialists as a barrack on April 29th 1955. Later Quoc Hoc High school, Hue – Truong Quoc Hoc Hue was reinstated and re started its normal operation.
Besides being the most famous high school in Vietnam Quoc Hoc High school, Hue Truong Quoc Hoc Hue has a magnificent scenic view which attracts tourists.